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Wear protective gloves and, if necessary, eye and head protection. When cutting a stem, cut just above a healthy bud, pair of buds or side shoot.
Secateurs Pruning saw String to tie in stems of climbers and wall shrubs Bin for green waste Rubbish bin for perennial weeds as and when you spot them.
Where possible, cut to an outward-facing bud or branch to avoid congestion and rubbing of branches. Make your cut cm (¼ in) above the bud. Read RHS advice on pruning trees and shrubs; whether it's trimming hedges, coppicing or caring for fruit trees, we have expert help and tips for you. Many ornamental shrubs and trees can be allowed to grow without regular pruning.
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However, occasionally you may need to restrict the size, remove dead or unsightly growth, increase vigour, improve the shape or keep the plant in a healthy state to produce flowers and/or berries. Some shrubs, if left unpruned, continue growing from where the. RHS tree experts no longer recommend pruning or wound paints in most cases as they appear to inhibit healing and may actually encourage rotting.
To encourage healing the branch ‘collar’ (slight swelling where the branch joins the trunk) should be kept intact, as this is.